Articles on PR for People

The Difficulty of Reading Classic Philosophy Books

It is an unanswered question that often baffling modern people of any generation: “why the nowadays mainstream philosophers do not match someone (e.g. Plato or Aristotle or Lao Tzu, etc) of centuries or even millenniums ago?” Well, before we can answer this tough question, let’s first make sure that we are at least able to read the works of ancient thinkers……


Did Aristotle Know the Cause of Eclipse of Moon?

When I was a student, I learned in the class of world history that everyone thought the earth was flat until Columbus, et al, sailed around it. Is that really true?......


The Vulnerability Brought by Electronic Conveniences

The electronic (digital) age has brought great conveniences to human beings. With the rapid development in nanotechnology and quantum technology, there seems to be endless potential ahead for human civilization. But the public is generally unprepared for the great risks as the result of advancing from the previous mechanical era to the current electronic age……


Paradoxes of Fairness

Social fairness is paradoxical in nature, because fairness and unfairness are logically entangled with each other at both the societal level and individual level. This metaphysical nature of fairness has been utterly ignored by scholars since ancient times, although from time to time we might hear different writers mention the term of fairness paradox in the context of various specific issues that would signify the notion of social fairness.


Politics and Truth

The ignorance of the true nature of politics has been causing many to believe the political propaganda of various political organizations about their quest or fight for the truth. Many people devoted their life to the political causes of those organizations because they truly believed that they were fighting for the truth of human civilization. However, seeking truth has never been the essence of politics, and knowing this could help us to better understand the political reality in life around the world……


How to Distinguish Dialectics from Sophistry?

After millenniums long practical applications, misuses, criticisms, and eulogies, dialectics is still like an elusive ghost wandering in the academic philosophical community without being clearly grasped, as attested by the confusion shown in the well reputed Wikipedia[i], and the most baffling part of dialectics and thus the biggest obstacle to learning dialectics is its apparent similarity with sophistry, as is typically reflected in the attitudes of Aristotle and Kant towards dialectics, and in the public confusion about the Hegelian dialectics……


A Few Sad Aspects of Democracy

The deconstruction of some implicit premise for the democracy as we know today since the famous ancient Greek times could unveil some deficiency in the logic of the democracy (which are independent of how a democratic system is implemented) as we know today since the famous ancient Greek times, which might entail many social problems in the democratic system……


What On Earth Is Philosophy?

The importance of the question of “what is philosophy?” has been relatively overlooked, in comparison to many so-called big questions, such as “Who are we?”, “Where are we from?”, “Can we know anything?”, and so on; nonetheless, the wrong answers to this question by prominent philosophers in history have derailed the development of philosophy off the right track in different directions at different historical times. Although the elements offered in this article for the answer to “what is philosophy?” are by no means inclusive, they have differentiated themselves from all other famous existing theories concerning what philosophy is really about by directing the audience to the logical nature instead of historical knowledge of philosophy, and thus is truly qualified for the title of “Philosophy of Philosophy”.


Introduction to the Social Disorder of Capability

As the indicators of the status of complicated macroscopic systems, statistically valid representative variables are of critical importance for knowing the dynamic conditions of the systems. As a few examples, in natural sciences, we have become very familiar to various physical quantities such as temperature and pressure, which can help us to predict the behavior of a natural system; in economics, we have economic indices to track economic health from different perspectives; in psychology, we have the intelligence quotient to provide a partial evaluation of the intelligent level of individuals.

Despite the convenience of using the well-known variables in academic researches and practical applications, the process of identifying the notions behind those variables could be painstaking and daunting. This article would introduce an abstract notion for the cultural dynamics, which has been greatly ignored by the world in the past.


A Fundamental Difference Between Humans and AI Machines in Terms of Learning

As robots can act in many ways more and more like humans, it becomes more and more meaningful to be philosophically clear about the fundamental difference between humans and AI machines in terms of learning. This knowledge is desired not only when it comes to the century long question of whether computers can outsmart humans, but also for the sake of knowing the potential and limit of AI development in areas such as AI translation, Human-Machine conversation, and more……