The evidence suggests that cooperation was the “master architect” of evolutionary complexity, especially in humankind. That’s why ethics is so important. The selfish gene model of evolution is a one-sided caricature. Darwin himself understood the important role of ethics in human evolution. The ethical implications of a fundamentally cooperative model of human evolution are obvious. Effective social cooperation depends on having a harmonious social relationship.
A lie serves the liar’s interests, often at the expense of others. It also destroys social trust and undermines our democracy. How can we redeem our civic discourse after Trump? Looking beyond the immediate political crisis, we should begin even now to think about how to repair the damage. What can we do?
“Treason” is an act of criminal disloyalty to the state, according to the dictionary. It is especially egregious when you have been formally elected by the citizens to be the head of state and have sworn a public oath to “preserve, protect, and defend” it.